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Name World History Ch 4 Reading Study Guide #1 P. 80-87 Period 1 . What is the significance of the Marathon in Greek history? Pg. 80 2. Why did Xerxes invade Greece? Why did he fail? 3. Why did Greeks call Non-Greeks “Barbarians”? 4. Why is Greco-Roman history considered “OUR” background/history in the US & Europe? pg. 81 (Timeline pg. 82) 5. When, roughly, was the Kingdom of Mycenae and the legendary Trojan War? 6. When was the rise of Greek City-States? 7. When were the Iliad & Odyssey compiled? the Peloponnesian Wars? 8. What was Athens at its height? 9. When were 10.

When was Alexander the Great’s empire? 11. The resulting Hellenistic Era? 12. When was the greatest extent of Roman Imperial territory? 13. When did the Roman Empire BEGIN to decline? 14. When did the Empire “END”? 15. What were the TWO centers of Mediterranean Civilization? 16. What was the extent and impact of the early classical Persian Empire? 17. Where and how did Greek civilization get its start? What epic literature is identified with this culture? 18. What was the basic unit of Greek civilization? 19. In what sporting contest did the Greek communities participate?

What may be symbolism of this? 20. In what important military endeavor did the major Greek powers cooperate? 21 . Describe the rule of Pericles in Athens. 22. How did Athens and Sparta come to rival each other in the Peloponnesian Wars? 23. What was the next major Greek-influenced power to rise after the exhausting Peloponnesian Wars? 24. Describe the conquests of Alexander the Great (begun by his father Phillip II). 25. How did the conquests of Alexander lead to the Hellenistic period? What was the impact of this period? 26. How did the Roman Republic gain nfluence over the Western Mediterranean? 7. Which two famous Roman relatives laid the foundation for the Roman Empire? Pg. 87 28. Describe the extent of the landmass controlled by the Romans. 29. When did the Roman Empire begin its long, slow decline? Why? 30. Which two later Roman emperors tried to slow this decline? To what new religion did the latter turn? Pg. 87 31 . What is politics? 32. Describe the “good life” for a Greek and, indeed, a Roman aristocrat. Why did they feel this way? 33. Why was monarchy not preferred in Greece and Rome? 34. Describe democracy and direct democracy. Pg. 8 (Read Thinking Historically: The Classical Mediterranean in Comparative Perspective. Pg. 89 35. Why did the classical civilizations seem to need radical social inequalities? 36. What was the relationship between wealth and social position in each classical civilization? 37. India used religion to compensate for social inequalities, what did China and the Mediterranean cultures use? 38. What was Pericles’ attitude toward rule and government? What were the drawbacks of this condition? 39. What is aristocracy? How does it operate? LOL Smil By stinkadaddddyl 234

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