Macbeth Shakespeare way of writing 10 syllables per line. Stress on the second syllable Quatrain 1: Problem, or way of thinking Quatrain 2: Problem continues, shift imagery. Quatrain 3: Turn solution appears Last 2 lines: heroic or rhyming couplet(conclusion) Sonnet 29 In quatrain one he talks about his isolation, Lady Fortuna is against himself. Quatrain 2: He is almost despising himself, wishing that he could be someone else Quatrain 3: YET, happily i think on thee. Scorn to change to change with kings, doesn’t even want to be a king because he would have to lose the person he loves.
Act 1 scene 1 Lightning, Thunder, Rain(nature imagery) They do not speak in iambic pentameter, but instead in throchaic tetrameter(incomplete). Speak in the Do not speak naturally because they are so evil, there talk inverts things. “fair is foul and foul is fair” Good is bad, bad is good. Inversion of morality. When will we return, when the battle is lost and won Commotion Act 1 Scene 2 Begin in Media-Res in the middle of battle and civil war. Captain describes Macbeth: Brave Macbeth smoked with bloody execution, they completely annihilated the Norwegians.
Un seamed from the enemy from the Naval to Chin. Extremely powerful. He is a bloody First traitor is Macdonwald “Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds, or memorize another Golgotha. ” Golgotha: Site of crucifixion. (Death or murderous) Thane of Cawdor has betrayed the King Duncan to the Norwegians. Thane of Rose: Second Battle the Thane of Cawdor(the 2nd traitor). Movie Comparison 1980 Duncan is shown as weak, reliant, old, religious. (Holy pure) Witches: 2nd witch, a person who has been affected or touched. She is crazy because she is hearing the future. Pagan heretic, satin folk) 2009(world war 2) War is bloody and awful, Duncan is strong and proud general. Witches are necromancers. Act 1, Scene 3 I ne Wltcnes are also Tuture tellers, tne Wyra tellers. Have been doing evil things like killing swine, murdering sailors. Say that Macbeth is the thane of Cawdor and he will become king. Doesn’t believe them, but when he finds out that he is a thane of Cawdor he starts to believe that he should be king. Subtext: suggestions or possibilities, thought process. Unspoken character motivations and thoughts typically within a play. If good, why do i yield to that suggestion Whose horrid image doth unfix my hair And make my seated heart knock t my ribs Against the use of Nature? Present fears Are less than horrible imaginings. ” He firsts start to think of murder that is why he is so quiet. “Why do you fear things so good” -Banquo Banquo sons will be king is property for Banquo Clothing in scene: “Why are you dressing in borrowed roes” New outfit is like new title which doesn’t fit at first but you will break it in. Macbeth unseamed Macdonwald like a tailor unseams a dress.
THEME: Fair is foul, and foul is fair. (Things are good are bad) Act 1, Scene 4 Duncan names his son Malcolm as the heir for his son. This means to Macbeth that he will have to kill Duncan to become king. [Aside] The Prince of Cumberland! that is a step on which I must fall down, or else derleap, For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires; Let not light see my black and deep desires: The eye wink at the hand; yet let that be, Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see. Stars- Stars are light, Joy and happiness. Heavenly body, above the mortal play so kings, angels, and nobility.
Heaven don’t look in my direction, I am having bad thoughts. Let the action happy without seeing it. Hand winks at eyes. Act 1, scene Lady Macbeth (1st soliloquy) Glamis thou art, and Cawdor; and shalt be What thou art promised: yet do I fear thy nature; It is too full o’ the milk of human kindness” Is he to human or have to much humanity won’t assassinate someone. Is he to compassionate, kind, loyal. Lady Macbeth Three incantations. (2nd soliloquy) “Come, you spirits That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here, And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full Of direst cruelty! ake thick my blood; Stop up the access and passage to remorse, That no compunctious visitings of nature Shake my fell purpose. ” Fill me with your cruelty, take away my femininity. Come to my woman’s breasts, And take my milk for gall, you murdering ministers, Wherever in your sightless substances You wait on nature’s mischief. ” Take away by milk and maternity. “Come, thick night, And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell, That my keen knife see not the wound it makes, Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark, To cry ‘Hold, hold” Inverts her grammar, don’t let her eyes see her desires. Hand wink at the hand.
Let the knife stab but see not the wound it makes. Heaven won’t be able to see and not be able to see her foul dead and stop her. Until its spoken about murder, they will avoid it in a round about manner. Major Motives: Separation between perception and action, separating between senses and actions Fair is foul, foul is fair. (inversion of good and evil) Blood: Bloody macbeth. Act 1, Scene 6 Dramatic Irony: The idea of being a great host and helpful even though they are planing to murder him. A place of spring, happiness, Joy, crisp air, beautiful outside. But is actually a place of murder and death .
Act 1, Scene 7 Macbeth’s soliloquy “If it were done when ’tis done, then twere well It were done quickly: if the ssassination Could trammel up the consequence, and catch With his surcease success; that but this blow Might be the be-all and the end-all here” Contemplating the death of Duncan, kill him and be no consequence. Reasons to not kill Duncan. “The guest should protect the host not bear the knife that kills him” Do not kill family members, or if your a thane don’t kill the king. Duncan has been a great king, The reason why Macbeth will kill the king is ambition and then Macbeth convinces the other Thanes to make him king.
Macbeth is having a little uncertainness, Lady acbeth gets mad: “Was the hope drunk Wherein you dress’d yourself? hath it slept since? And wakes it now, to look so green and pale At what it did so freely? From this time Such I account thy love. Art thou afeard To be the same in thine own act and valor As thou art in desire? Wouldst thou have that Which thou esteem’st the ornament of life, And live a coward in thine own esteem, Letting ‘I dare not’ wait upon ‘l would,” Manipulates him by SAYING NO BALLS? He isn’t good in the bed, because his DICK IS SMALL. l have given suck, and knowHow tender ’tis to love the babe that milks me:’ would, while it was smiling in my face, Have pluck’d my nipple from his boneless gums, And dash’d the brains out, had I so sworn as you Have cone to tnls . ” sne would KIII ner own cn110 De anas e made the problem. Act 2 Pg. 51 line 44: Perception(monologue) “Is this a dagger which I see before me,The handle toward my hand Come, let me clutch thee. I have thee not, and yet I see thee still. Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible To feeling as to sight? or art thou but A dagger of the mind, a false creation, Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?
I see thee yet, in form as palpable As this which now I draw. ” Fatal vision/dagger of the mind. Is he crazy? Is he homocidal? The dagger sent my the fates himself is him visionlizing his goal or has his sense of fantasy taken over his perception, thinking of unreal things because of the witches influence. Pg 53. Line 60: Inversions(monologue) It is the bloody business which informsThus to mine eyes. Now o’er the one half world Nature seems dead, and wicked dreams abuse The curtain’d sleep; Natural world is dead Supernatural world is taken over(inversion) Dreaming when he isn’t sleeping. Pg. 57. Line 54.
Perception and Inversion “Methought I heard a voice cry ‘Sleep no more! Macbeth does murder sleep’, the innocent sleep,Sleep that knits up the ravell’d sleeve of care, The death of each day’s life, sore labour’s bath, Balm of hurt minds, great nature’s second course, Chief nourisher in life’s feast” Starting to imagine things, sleep is gone, and they are confused because their eyes are concealed as they have the evil spirits to do. Pg. 77 Last line God’s benison go with you; and with those That would make good of bad, and friends of foes! Inversion of what is the enemy and what is the friend. Pg. 5 Line 13-16 (inversion) Owl kills falcon. pg. 78 Line 78-81(blood) Will all great Neptune’s ocean wash this bloodClean from my hand? No, this my hand will rather The multitudinous seas in incarnadine, Making the green one red. ” So much guilt and blood on his hand that he could make the whole ocean red. Pg. 73 Line 164-166(blood) To Ireland, l; our separated fortune Shall keep us both the safer: where we are,There’s daggers in men’s smiles: the near in blood,The nearer bloody. Bloody daggers. Act 2, Scene 1 Act 2, Scene 2 Ringing of the bells to signal MacBeth to murder. Macoetn Is again questlonea Dy nls wlTe IT ne actually Is a man.
A lot 0T tension In irst scene. Lady Macbeth is very nervous, a lot of tension. Does have a soft spot. Lady says: blood is equal to guilt. Contrast between the consequences of the murder: Lady says Just a little water will clean the blood, Macbeth says that he will taint the oceans but they will not clean his hands. Ambiguous- (of language) open to more than one interpretation; having a double meaning. Sleep will be killed: inversion of a restorative property. They will sleep no more. Act 2, Scene 3 Part 1 (1-45) The porter scene Comic relief after something serious. Plays with the emotion of the crowd.
Porters speech sending people to hell. Farmer described going into hell, hoarded crops but goes bankrupt. The equivocator ends up in hell is direct reference to someone who tried to plot against the Monarch(gun powder plot). An equivocator is ambiguous, something bad must be done for something good to prevail Says he is not the porter for a castle, but rather a porter for the gates of hell. Hell is a place for those who sin(Satan tried to overthrow god)/ Duncan is the king or god, Macbeth is the satan the overthrower. References to the last super, and denial of Jesus by Peter. Act 2, Scene 3 Part 2 (45- 172)
Macbeth kills the servants, Macduff asks him why he did it? Macbeth is giving up the sneakiness, so the Lady faints and takes over control of the situation. Macbeth speech. Confusion now hath made his masterpiece! Most sacrilegious murder hath broke ope The Lord’s anointed temple, and stole thence The life o’ the building! “Had I but died an hour before this chance, I had lived a blessed time; for, from this instant, There ‘s nothing serious in mortality: All is but toys: renown and grace is dead; The wine of life is drawn, and the mere lees Is left this vault to brag of. ” Irony, and also a change in plans.
Lady Macbeth in the scene is very non influential until she starts to faint. She is more concerned that it happens in her house, because it breaks her reputation for hospitality. Lennox describes to Macbeth the horrible night that occurred. Disruption in the natural order of things. Inversion of nature. Macbeth uses Litotes: understatement used to emphasize point. Macbeth is describing heaven being mad as Not bad. Gets pissed at Macbeth because he killed the servants They wanted to question them, look for the conspiracy. They would have no motive to kill them. Act 2, Scene 4 Illusion to the weather.
Heavens troubled with mans act” Mens acts have offended the heavens itself. The night as taken over the sun refuses to shine. Macduff will not go to Macbeths coronation. Act 3, Scene 1 Act 3, scene 2 Act 3, Scene 3 Act 3, Scene 4 At the end of the scene, Macbeth says: “It will have blood; they say, blood will have blood” Act 3, Scene 5 Hecate is not part of the book because Shakespeare didn’t write it. Important to note that Hecate is creation of another author. Gets mad at them for including MacBeth in faith. Act 3, Scene 6 They call Macbeth a tyrant, and that MacDuff is going to England to convince Malcolm to revolt.
They see right through MacBeth’s plan. (Lenox) People are beginning to talk about this traitorous murder This is shown when Lenox talks to a “Nameless” lord. “And that well might Advise him to a caution, to hold what distance His wisdom can provide. Some holy angel Fly to the court of England and unfold His message ere he come, that a swift blessing May soon return to this our suffering country Under a hand accursed! ” Macbeth’s hand is cursed because of his sin. INVERSION: All of Scotland suffers, and been inverted because of Macbeth’s actions. This is shaping up toa lot of conflict Act 4, Scene 1 Prophecy 1:
He will not be commanded: here’s another, More potent than the first. Beware of Macduff. Prophecy 2: Be bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scorn The power of man, for none of woman born Shall harm Macbeth. No one born of women can kill him Echoes what lady macbeth said that she would dash the brains out of her own baby. Prophecy 3: Be lion mettled, proud; and take no care Who chafes, who frets, or where conspirers are: Macbeth shall never vanquish’d be until Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill Shall come against him. No one can control an army of trees across a river. Thinks of family tree, line of descendants is from Banquo.
Which scares Macbeth. Create this terribly evil potion, but then say that Macbeth is coming, call him evil. Unholy un christian things. Suggest violence and sin, evil. Wants to know about Banquo. Show of the 8 kings(Banquds Royal Line) Refers to King James rule, last person nas a mirror, snows It rlgnt to James . Atter matn 0T tnls MacDetn aec10es ne Is going to kill the whole castle. This changes from Macbeth in the first scene when he didn’t want to kill, now he is more than happy to. Act 4, Scene 2 Domestic scene, not of happiness because their is chaos. Concept of what a traitor:
Child cuts right to the chase, asks what is going on with his father. Lady says that traitor’s lie and swearers and should be hung up. 3rd women in book: Lady Macbeth, Lady Macduff, Witch bitches. Womanliness is ineffective, her kid gets killed. This is the only scene were the actual murder occurs on stage is the kids murder. We see the difference because he kills an innocent kid Just to get revenge on Macduff. Finally see the whole maternity scene. contrast to Lady Macbeth. Page 133 Line 20: My dearest coz,l pray you, school yourself: but for your husband, He is noble, wise, judicious, and best knows The fits o’ the season.
I dare not speak much further; But cruel are the times, when we are traitors And do not know ourselves, when we hold rumor From what we fear, yet know not what we fear, But float upon a wild Act 4, Scene 3 Malcolm testing Macduffs reactions, and also pay close attention to religious imagery. Innocent lamb: Says that Malcolm is worst than Macbeth says that Macbeth would look like a innocent lamb compared to him. Black Macbeth would seem white as snow. This is challenging Macduff because he tries to see if he is loyal to Scotland. or if he is working for Macbeth. Macduff challenging him says that he is greedy and echarous.
Says he has no Suspects Macbeth at testing him. Devilish Macbeth By many of these trains hath sought to win me Into his power, and modest wisdom plucks me From over-credulous haste: but God above Deal between thee and me Scotland is faltering under Macbeth it is suffering. It is bleeding, sinking beneath the yoke Macbeth is portrayed as lucifer. Malcolm then admits that he was testing Macduff, and says that he is morally pure, and he has all the moral qualities to heal the land that Macbeth has destroyed. Then you see the doctor come in and talkng about Edward’s healing power, that is god iven.
Ross arrives and eventually tells the truth about Macduffs family. Malcolm responds first “merciful heaven” because Macduffs shocked and can’t speak. Must respond like a man, that he needs to use his anger to fuel revenge. Act 5, Scene 1 The doctor and the gentle woman are talking about how Lady Macbeth is sleep walking. It appears as she is constantly washing her hands. She seems to be re playing washing Duncan’s blood of her hands. Disruption of Nature: Sense: Sleep: Sleep has murdered. Disease: King/Tyrant: Killing of Duncan, disruption of who should be king. Macbeth is now a tyrant.
Light & Dark: Right after Duncan’s death, the sun doesn’t rise. Act 5, Scene 2 Malcolm ana nls men are approacnlng Birnam wood, witn revenge In tnelr nearts They say that Macbeth is fortifying Dunsianane greatly. They say that Macbeth is probably regretting his sins now that they are coming back to bite him. Act 5, Scene 3 Macbeth proclaims that he has lived a full life but now regrets that he doesn;t have anything now that he is dying, live love and loyalty. Instead he has deceitfulness and fraud but can’t bring himself to end his life. Act 5, Scene 4 Trees are going to walk to Macbeth by the soldiers bringing them over their face