The process by which parliament makes law is through Legislation. Legislation is Law enacted by the queen in form of an acts of parliament or a statutes. Before an act of parliament is made it goes through a set of procedures that is long and complicated. First it starts off as a legislative proposal, a bill or draft act. There are different types of bills, The Public bills, Private bills, Government bills and private member bills.
Public bills Change general laws or affect the whole country, A public bill extends to ll of the united kingdom On the contrary Private bills do not alter the law for the whole community but deals with matter of concern in a particular locality. Government bills are introduced by a minister with the backing of the government and these kind of bill are almost certain to become law. Private member bills are introduced by an individual MP or a private peer in the House of Lords.
Before it becomes a bill and begin its Journey through parliament its starts off as an idea or roposal from MPs, government, law commission or company lobbyists. It sometimes starts green or white paper. The green paper is a government consultation document asking people affected by the bill for their opinion. The white paper is the final proposal once the green paper is taken into account then goes into the bill. A bill must pass through several stages receiving the consent of both the House of Commons and the House of Lords before it is presented to the queen for her royal assent.
A bill may generally start life in either the commons or the lords and pass on to the other house but in practice most public bills start in the commons. Normally the consent of both the houses is required but the Lords lost its right to reject legislation under the parliaments Act 1911 (k & R 13th edition) the lords have no right to veto a legislation. This is a good thing because it means elected members of parliament who was elected to represent the people have the upper hand in passing legislation.