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The Weimar Republic The Weimar Republic was established in 1919, in replace of the imperial government in Germany. It immerged from the November Revolution (1918-1919). Opposing to the parliamentary system which is similar to the British, sailors, soldiers and workers raised up the rebellion. They elected councils modeled after the October Revolution in the Soviet Union. The workers’ exhaustion starts from far before the revolution. During the World War l, Germany made a lot of promissory notes in order to pay for the war.

Military-industrial activity had almost ceased, although they kept unemployment at around one million. In addition, the allies permitted only low import levels of goods that most Germans could not afford, so after four years of war and famine, German workers were exhausted both physically and mentally. They began to hope for a new era. Weimar republic successfully fixed those problems including hyperinflation, political extremists and the controversial relationships with the victors of World War l. However, peaceful time didn’t last long.

Between 1930 and 1933 the Great Depression worsen the deflation around the country. A lot of people lost their work. It finally led to the ascend of the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler. Max Beckmann Max Beckmann was a German painter, draftsman, printmaker, sculptor and writer. Although he was classified as an expressionist artist, he rejected it. He was associated with the New Objectivity in the 1920s. He is known for his self-portraits. During the Weimar Republic, he had great success and official honors.

He received he Honorary Empire Prize for German Art and the Gold Medal of the City of D??sseldorf. However, with the rise of Adolf Hitler, his life was completely changed. He was called a “cultural Bolshevik”, and was dismissed from his teaching position at the Art School in Frankfurt. More than 500 of his works were confiscated from German museums and several of them were displayed in the notorious Degenerate Art exhibition in Munich. He left Germany and lived in poverty in Amsterdam. There he created several intense masterpieces including some large triptychs.

George Grosz As a prominent member of the Berlin Dada and New Objectivity group during the Weimar Republic, George Grosz is also known for his caricatural drawings of Berlin life in the 1920s. Among them the most famous one is The Funeral. He combined futurism and cubism to show a funeral processed in an urban city, with was painted as an infernal abyss populated by bizarre attendants. Echoing medieval depictions of hell scenes, he used large quantity of red and distorted limbs and body. Weimar Republic Research By xyyx

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